Cavities and caries are dental issues which really need to be sorted out properly by a good dentist. For this, the dentist needs to pluck out the part which is infected and place in a filling into the tooth. The procedure involves a very less amount of discomfort at the time of injections given to numb the area. After this, the dentist has to scoop out the infected part. The filling can be metallic or resinous et al. in nature. The metallic fillings can be of gold or silver, even. The gold fillings tend to be the most expensive. However, metallic fillings are said to have a bit of a disadvantage since these tend to expand and contract with changing the environment. Thus the remaining tooth structure is subjected to these contractions and expansions, and it may just crack up because of these changes. The resinous fillings are good in this context since they do not undergo any physical changes. However, these may get stained with time, especially if the patient does not take care of his or dentition properly. Silver fillings are more easily visible since they are a bit blackish in color.
What else can be done?
Cavities and caries usually form because of the patient not looking after their dental hygiene properly. Thus to avoid this situation, one must make it a point to brush teeth at least twice daily and for a duration of at least two minutes each time. Also, this should be done with a proper technique and not in any haphazard manner. Also, the patient should floss teeth regularly and this too should be done with a proper technique. The patient should avoid eating too many sweets or sticky food items. If one does so, it is best to clean up the teeth immediately afterward. Fillings last for many years provided they are properly cared for.
The dentist may also opt for root canal therapy or endodontic treatment to take care of this issue. The outermost layer of the tooth is the enamel. The one inner to this is dentine, and the innermost one is the pulp cavity. This is made up of nerves, blood vessels, and cellular matter. During endodontic treatment, the dentist removes all the stuff inside the pulp cavity. He or she then cleans it up fully and disinfects it. He then fills it up with a substance like gutta-percha. Then the cavity is sealed off and a dental cap or crown placed atop it to function as the tooth which the world sees. Many people have the misnomer that root canal procedure is very painful. However, the only pain involved is that of the injections which are given to numb the area. Sometimes, endodontic treatment is not successful. The dentist can give it another shot. However, the dentist should not re-try after the second go. After two unsuccessful attempts, the dentist should go in for tooth extraction and replacement with a dental implant or so.
For more details contact: 6711 W North Avenue, Oak Park IL 60302. Call: (708)498-4165.